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On the Relationship Between Fault Permeability Increases, Induced Stress Perturbation, and the Growth of Aseismic Slip During Fluid Injection

Abstract : Fluid injections into the deep subsurface can, at times, generate earthquakes, but often, they only produce aseismic deformations. Here we analyze the influence of fault hydromechanical properties on the growth of injection‐induced aseismic slip. Using hydromechanical modeling, we show how permeability enhancement in addition to the background stress and frictional weakening has an important effect on the pressure diffusion and slip growth during injection. We find that the more pronounced the fault permeability enhancement, the stronger is the growth of the aseismic slip zone. The effect of enhanced permeability is more pronounced when the fault is initially close to failure. Our results show that aseismic slip grows beyond the pressurized zone when the fault permeability increases, while slip remains behind the pressurized zone when permeability does not vary from its initial preslip value. Thus, fault permeability increases should be considered as complementary mechanism to current models of fluid‐induced aseismic slip.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01983409
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Submitted on : Monday, November 29, 2021 - 11:46:52 AM
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Frédéric Cappa, Yves Guglielmi, Christophe Nussbaum, Jens Birkholzer. On the Relationship Between Fault Permeability Increases, Induced Stress Perturbation, and the Growth of Aseismic Slip During Fluid Injection. Geophysical Research Letters, American Geophysical Union, 2018, 45 (20), pp.11,012-11,020. ⟨10.1029/2018GL080233⟩. ⟨hal-01983409⟩

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