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Structure of iso-scalar sets

Abstract : An analytical framework is proposed to explore the structure and kinematics of iso-scalar fields. It is based on a two-point statistical analysis of the phase indicator field which is used to track a given iso-scalar volume. The displacement speed of the iso-surface, i.e. the interface velocity relative to the fluid velocity, is explicitly accounted for, thereby generalizing previous two-point equations dedicated to the phase indicator in two-phase flows. Although this framework applies to many transported quantities, we here focus on passive scalar mixing. Particular attention is paid to the effect of Reynolds (the Taylor based Reynolds number is varied from 88 to 530) and Schmidt numbers (in the range 0.1 to 1), together with the influence of flow and scalar forcing. It is first found that diffusion in the iso-surface tangential direction is predominant, emphasizing the primordial influence of curvature on the displacement speed. Second, the appropriate normalizing scales for the two-point statistics at either large, intermediate and small scales are revealed and appear to be related to the radius of gyration, the surface density and the standard deviation of mean curvature, respectively. Third, the onset of an intermediate ‘scaling range’ for the two-point statistics of the phase indicator at sufficiently large Reynolds numbers is observed. The scaling exponent complies with a fractal dimension of 8/3. A scaling range is also observed for the transfer of iso-scalar fields in scale space whose exponent can be estimated by simple scaling arguments and a recent closure of the Corrsin equation. Fourth, the effects of Reynolds and Schmidt numbers together with flow or scalar forcing on the different terms of the two-point budget are highlighted.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03670518
Contributor : Fabien Thiesset Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 17, 2022 - 3:12:45 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 21, 2022 - 4:34:47 PM

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M. Gauding, F. Thiesset, E. Varea, L. Danaila. Structure of iso-scalar sets. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2022, 942, pp.A14. ⟨10.1017/jfm.2022.367⟩. ⟨hal-03670518⟩

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